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SSC CGL Examination


SSC CGL Examination

Staff Selection Commissions (SSC) is one of India’s most desirable organizations. The Staff Selection Commission – Combined Graduate Level is a national level exam conducted by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) for recruiting candidates in government offices. The exam is conducted in four stages or tiers, the first two tiers are conducted in online mode, and the next tiers are conducted in offline mode, and tier IV is a skill test. It is mandatory for candidates to need to appear for all four tiers.

Every year around 30 lakh students register for the examination, and 15 lakh students appear. Assistant Section Officer (CSS), Assistant Auditor Officer, Statistical Investigator Grade II are the posts that candidates are recruited into. Candidates need to have a bachelor’s degree for appearing in the examination. The candidates’ job profile includes accessing, processing IT records individuals and business concerns, verifying, etc. These officers are also a part of teams conducting a raid.

 

SSC CGL Exam Eligibity Criteria 2021

  • Nationality

A candidate must be either:

      1. a citizen of India, or
      2. a subject of Nepal, or
      3. a subject of Bhutan, or
      4. a Tibetan refugee who came over to India, before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
      5. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania (Formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar), Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
      6. Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (2), (3), (4) and (5) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
  • Educational Qualification
      • Essential Qualifications: Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized University or Institute.
      • Desirable Qualifications: Chartered Accountant or Cost & Management Accountant or Company Secretary or Masters in Commerce or Masters in Business Studies or Masters in Business Administration (Finance) or Masters in Business Economics.
  • Age Limit
      The age of the candidate to appear in the SSC CGL Exam should be minimum of 18 years and maximum of 32 years.

      However, there are age relaxations for candidates belonging to the reserved categories. They are given below in the table:
Category Upper Age Limit
SC/ST 37 years
OBC 35 years
Physically Handicapped (General) 42 years
Physically Handicapped + OBC 45 years
Physically Handicapped + SC/ST 47 years
Ex-Servicemen (ESM) 35 years
Defence Personnel (UR) 35 years
Defence Personnel (ST/SC) 40 years
Central Govt. Civilian Employees (UR) 40 years
Central Govt. Civilian Employees (SC/ST) 45 years
Widows/ Divorced Women/ Women judicially separated and who are not remarried (UR) 35 years
Widows/ Divorced Women/ Women judicially separated and who are not remarried (SC/ST) 40 years
  • Restrictions on Attempts

No specified restrictions; candidates can appear as long as they fit their respective age limit criteria.

 

SSC CGL Exam Pattern 2021

Important points regarding the pattern of the examination:

  • Tier-I is compulsory for all the posts. In Tier-II, Paper-I and Paper-II are compulsory for all the posts.
  • In Tier-II, Paper-III will be for only those candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and Statistical Investigator Grade-II in the office of Registrar General, India (M/o Home Affairs) — shortlisted from Tier-I for these Posts.
  • In Tier-II, Paper-IV will be for only those candidates who are applying for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer — shortlisted from Tier-I
  • In Tier-IV, Computer Proficiency Test/ Data Entry Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification will be conducted.

Pattern for Tier-I: Computer Based Exam

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Negative Marking Marks
1 General Intelligence and Reasoning Qualifying Nature 25 Objective (Multiple Choice) 0.50 50
2 General Awareness Qualifying Nature 25 Objective (Multiple Choice) 0.50 50
3 Quantitative Aptitude Qualifying Nature 25 Objective (Multiple Choice) 0.50 50
4 English Comprehension: Qualifying Nature 25 Objective (Multiple Choice) 0.50 50
  Total Marks*         100

*The total marks shown here are considered for merit ranking purposes.

Pattern for Tier-II

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 Quantitative Abilities

The paper is designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate.

Merit Ranking Nature 100 Objective (Multiple Choice) 120 mins 0.25 200
2 English Language and Comprehension

The paper is designed to candidates understanding and knowledge of English language.

Merit Ranking Nature 200 Objective (Multiple Choice) 120 mins 0.25 200
3 Statistics

This paper will be for only those candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation and Statistical Investigator Grade-II in the office of Registrar General, India (M/o Home Affairs)

Merit Ranking Nature 100 Objective (Multiple Choice) 120 mins 0.5 200
4 General Studies-Finance and Economics

This paper will be for only those candidates who are shortlisted for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer

Merit Ranking Nature 100 Objective (Multiple Choice) 120 mins 0.25 200

Pattern for Tier-III

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Question Type Duration Marks
1 Descriptive Paper

Descriptive paper in English or Hindi language

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 60 mins 100
  Total Marks*       100

*The total marks shown here are considered for merit ranking purposes.

Pattern for Tier-IV

In tier-IV, SSC conducts either a computer proficiency test, skill test or document verification, as per the post applied by the candidate. SSC CGL tier-IV is only a qualifying paper. It means that marks scored by candidates in tier-IV are not calculated at the time of declaration of final result.

 

SSC CGL Exam Syllabus 2021

Syllabus for Tier-I: Computer Based Exam

1 General Intelligence and Reasoning

It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. This component may include questions on analogies, similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgment, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, arithmetic number series, non-verbal series, coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning etc. The topics are, Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Figural Analogy, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/ Number Classification, Figural Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series, Problem Solving, Word Building, Coding & de-coding, Numerical Operations, symbolic Operations, Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization, Venn Diagrams, Drawing inferences, Punched hole/ pattern- folding & un-folding, Figural Pattern-folding and completion, Indexing, Address matching, Date & city matching, Classification of centre codes/ roll numbers, Small & Capital letters/ numbers coding, decoding and classification, Embedded Figures, Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence.

2 General Awareness

Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates’ general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research.

3 Quantitative Aptitude

The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage. Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons, Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

4 English Comprehension:

Candidates’ ability to understand correct English, his/ her basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be tested.

Syllabus for Tier-II

1 Quantitative Abilities

The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be the computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage, Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons, Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

2 English Language and Comprehension

Questions in this component will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on spot the error, fill in the blanks, synonyms, antonyms, spelling/ detecting misspelled words, idioms & phrases, one word substitution, improvement of sentences, active/ passive voice of verbs, conversion into direct/ indirect narration, shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage, cloze passage & comprehension passage. 

3 Statistics

  • Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data –Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
  • Measures of Central Tendency– Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
  • Measures of Dispersion– Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
  • Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
  • Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
  • Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes’ theorem.
  • Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
  • Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques (simple random sampling, stratified
    sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution (statement only); Sample size decisions.
  • Statistical Inference – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
  • Analysis of Variance – Analysis of one-way classified data and twoway classified data.
  • Time Series Analysis – Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
  • Index Numbers – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

4 General Studies-Finance and Economics

Part A: Finance and Accounts:

Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting:

  • Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
  • Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.

Part B: Economics and Governance:

  • Comptroller & Auditor General of India – Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility.
  • Finance Commission – Role and functions.
  • Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro
  • Economics: Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve.
  • Theory of Demand and Supply: Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviourMarshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
  • Theory of Production and cost: Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
  • Forms of Market and price determination in different markets: Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly and Pricedetermination in these markets.

Indian Economy:

  • Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectorsRole of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth;
  • National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
  • Population- Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
  • Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
  • Infrastructure- Energy, Transportation, Communication.
  • Economic Reforms in India: Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment.

Money and Banking:

  • Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/ RRB/Payment Banks.
  • Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
  • Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

Syllabus for Tier-III

1 Descriptive Paper

  • Essay Writing
  • Precis Writing
  • Letter or Application Writing, etc.

Syllabus for Tier-IV

In the Tier-IV, Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) and Data Entry Speed Test (DEST) will be conducted.